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August 2009

Monday, August 31, 2009

What Role Do Psychologists Play in the Current Health Care Debate?

APA Would a healthier U.S. population lead to improvements in our current health care crisis? If so, what is the best role for psychologists working in medical settings such as primary care practices? These questions are not directly addressed in Hunter et al.'s Integrated Behavioral Health in Primary Care: Step-by-Step Guidance for Assessment and Intervention or Jeff Reiter's PsycCRITIQUES review of the book, however, considering the challenging times facing the U.S. health care, it is difficult to not draw relevant connections. In his review, Reiter discusses how psychologists who wish to work in primary care must learn to adapt to the mission and culture of primary care by conducting briefer consultations and seeing a wider variety of patients than the typical psychologist.

Would integrating behavioral health more seamlessly in all primary care clinics contribute in any way to fixing a part of the broken health care system? If all U.S. primary care clinics had a trained behavioral health generalist on staff to see every patient that sees a physician, what impact might this have on the health of the U.S. population and the system that tries to care for it?

Read the Review
ReviewThe Right Book at the Right Time
By Jeff Reiter
      PsycCRITIQUES, 2009 Vol 54(33)

Monday, August 24, 2009

Are Medical Schools and Other Academic Health Centers Good Places for Psychologists to Work?

APA Scott Temple, reviewing Faculty Health in Academic Medicine: Physicians, Scientists, and the Pressures of Success, notes,

Anyone working on the faculty of an American academic medical center will resonate with the thesis of this book: Increasing workloads in a disintegrating, chaotic, and dehumanizing health care system are leading to ever higher rates of faculty dissatisfaction. Demands for increased clinical and grant productivity leave little time for the rich range of teaching and scholarly activities that draw physicians and doctoral faculty to academic medical centers. Concerns with economic survival increasingly trump the humanitarian mission of academic medicine, as the art of listening is supplanted by the demand for more relative value units.
Are academic medical centers good places for early career psychologists to begin their careers?

Read the Review
ReviewFaculty Burnout in Academic Medical Centers: New Efforts Toward Its Amelioration
By Scott Temple
      PsycCRITIQUES, 2009 Vol 54(33)

Thursday, August 13, 2009

Was Raymond B. Cattell One of the Greatest Psychologists of the 20th Century?

APA In his review of William H. Tucker's The Cattell Controversy: Race, Science, and Ideology, Frank Dumont notes, "In 1997, the American Psychological Foundation (APF) awarded Raymond B. Cattell, a renowned figure in the field of multivariate analysis and personality psychology, its Award for Life Achievement in Psychological Science. Soon after, a small group of academics and publicists, deeply concerned by the ideological implications of his eugenicist writings, disseminated relevant extracts to the APF and other interested parties. They highlighted ideas in his eugenicist texts that they alleged contaminated his scientific achievements in other fields." However, Dumont also points out that "Cattell … was a charming, respectful, wise, and genial mentor to his students and a friend to his colleagues [and] … unlike Cattell’s signal contributions to trait psychology and multivariate analysis, his eugenicism seems to be fast receding into oblivion."

How will the 21st century judge Cattell's contributions to psychology? Do his views on eugenics diminish the significance of his other contributions to the science of psychology?

Read the Review
ReviewEugenicism, Bigotry, and Stirring the Embers of a Troubling Episode
By Frank Dumont
      PsycCRITIQUES, 2009 Vol 54(27)

Read the Response

Editor of PsycCRITIQUES

Danny Wedding, PhD

Chair of Behavioral Sciences,
College of Medicine,
American University of Antigua

Associate Editors of PsycCRITIQUES

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